If you suffer from extremely itchy and painful hemorrhoids, then you might try as many over-the-counter treatments as you can to ease your symptoms. But even with the best products available, the pain caused by your hemorrhoids can still plague you. You’ll need professional medical help to find relief from your burning pain.

Here are some possible reasons for your painful hemorrhoids and what you can do to relieve them.

Why Do You Have Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids develop when the small veins in the lower portion of your rectum or around the opening of your anus become swollen and inflamed. Hemorrhoids that develop inside the rectum are called internal hemorrhoids. Those that affect the veins around the outside of your anus are called external hemorrhoids.

Because they sit on the outside of the body, external hemorrhoids may be more painful than internal hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids can develop an intense itch, or they can hurt if you accidentally wipe or scratch them. Internal hemorrhoids may hurt more during bowel movements.

Although it isn’t completely or exactly clear as to why internal and external hemorrhoids develop, experts believe that different factors make you susceptible to hemorrhoids, including these below.

Placing Extensive Pressure on Your Veins

One of the possible causes of hemorrhoids is pressure. Veins carry blood away from your organs and back to your heart. Placing too much pressure on the veins suppresses (squeezes) them until they can’t transport blood properly. The blood eventually pools inside the veins, which causes them to swell.

Although it doesn’t occur with everyone who has hemorrhoids, some people can experience itchiness and bleeding. The symptoms may be worse in people who have external hemorrhoids.

Several things can cause pressure on your rectum and anus, including prolonged sitting and heavy lifting. You can remedy these issues by standing up and stretching your body throughout the day, or by using special equipment to help you move heavy objects at work.

Experiencing Chronic Constipation

Constipation occurs when your bowel movements become hard or rock-like due to dehydration or another cause. Constipation forces you to push harder and strain longer to empty your bowels. The strain placed on the blood vessels in your rectum or anus can irritate or inflame them over time.

Constipated bowel movements can also become large enough to tear the tissues of your rectum and anus. Some adults develop fissures, or open cuts, in their tissues. Fissures can be very painful if they don’t heal properly. Because hemorrhoids and constipation can both cause bleeding, pain, and tenderness in the rectum and anus, it’s important to find effective treatment for both conditions.

How Do You Treat Severe Hemorrhoids?

Although it’s essential that you see a doctor about your hemorrhoids and possible constipation, you can relieve your symptoms temporarily at home. For example, you can try softening up your bowels by sipping on water during the day. Unsweetened tea is another option you might like.

During your doctor’s appointment, a physician will generally question you about your diet and daily habits. Sometimes, changing your diet can help keep hemorrhoids and constipation away. Some adults relieve their symptoms with fiber. However, a doctor will go over the best types of food to add to your diet during your appointment.

After a doctor completes your verbal exam, they’ll perform a rectal exam on you. Your rectal exam may occur visually, manually, and diagnostically. A visual exam allows a physician to examine the condition of your anus. Then, a manual exam allows a doctor to detect the precise location and size of your hemorrhoids.

The diagnostic portion of your rectal exam allows a doctor to look inside your body to see if you have any other health problems to address or treat, such as polyps and ulcers. These conditions can also cause rectal and anal bleeding in some people. Although hemorrhoids are serious problems, polyps and ulcers can be signs of cancer or disease, so it’s important to have a thorough exam.

Once a physician finishes your exam, they’ll begin planning your treatment. If your hemorrhoids are too severe, a doctor may surgically remove them with a hemorrhoidectomy. This type of surgery may require you to follow certain protocols, such as not eating or taking specific medications before your procedure.

Some doctors use surgery to shrink large or protruding hemorrhoids by cutting off the blood supply to them. The veins will die or shrivel up inside the rectum or around the anus. If you have questions about this procedure, consult with a doctor or provider immediately.

To learn more about hemorrhoids or to find treatment for yours, book an appointment online today at one of our conveniently located offices. If you have problems selecting an office to visit, contact The Surgical Clinic directly. Our staff will gladly help you find the right appointment and office to visit.