Cholecystectomy, or surgical gallbladder removal, can alleviate discomfort from gallstone pain without a lengthy hospital stay. In addition, minimally invasive laparoscopic (video-assisted) techniques have dramatically reduced surgical and healing timeframes. If you’re considering laparoscopic gallbladder removal, consider what you need to know about recovering from this outpatient surgery.

What is a Gallbladder?

A gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ below the liver that stores bile; bile, a liquid produced by the liver, is essential for the small interesting to break down and digest fats.

How does not having a gallbladder affect you?

While the gallbladder aids digestion, living without a gallbladder does not change your quality of life. There are typically no long-term effects to worry about after surgery. Though, you may need to make minor changes to your diet.

What is gallbladder surgery?

The medical term for gallbladder surgery is cholecystectomy (KOL-i-si-STEK-tuh-mee). Broken down, cholecystectomy means:

Chole = bile, Greek

Cysits = bladder, Latin

Ectomy = surgical removal, Greek

There are two primary methods for gallbladder removal: laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy.

 

laparoscopic cholecystectomy galbladder surgery

GALLBLADDER REMOVAL AND POST-OP SURGICAL STAY


A traditional open cholecystectomy procedure typically requires two to three days of post-operative hospital stay. This invasive, open procedure requires the surgeon to make a six-inch incision in the abdomen, moving the surrounding muscle and tissue to remove the gallbladder.

Your doctor may insert one or more drains into the incision to allow drainage of fluids or pus. They will likely remove the drains after a couple of days.

In comparison, a laparoscopic procedure is much less invasive. The surgeon makes four small incisions in the abdomen instead of one long cut. Then, the surgeon uses a small video camera to visualize the gallbladder during the procedure. This less invasive approach often equals no hospital stay for most patients—meaning you can recover at home.

Gallbladder Removal Cost

Depending on your health insurance, laparoscopic gallbladder surgery can cost more than open surgery. The best way to determine the cost of the procedure is to consult your surgeon and discuss the best options.

Without insurance, gallbladder removal surgery can cost between $10,000 and $55,000. However, we gladly offer uninsured patients affordable payment options and financial assistance

EXPECTED PAIN

Post-surgical pain is a significant concern for many cholecystectomy patients. Even though every surgical procedure has some pain, the discomfort with gallbladder removal (especially when done laparoscopically) is typically minimal. The doctor may prescribe a pain medication or recommend that you take an over-the-counter pain medicine, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

Some patients also experience shoulder pain following laparoscopic gallbladder removal surgery. This temporary discomfort comes from gas left in your abdomen during surgery.

Along with incision and shoulder pain, you may feel throat discomfort. This pain occurs because general anesthesia used during surgery requires a breathing tube. The placement and removal of the tube may irritate your throat in the day or days following the procedure.

Severe pain and cramping are not normal following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. If you experience these symptoms, call your doctor immediately.

RETURNING TO ACTIVITY AFTER GALLBLADDER REMOVAL

How soon can you resume your everyday activities after surgery? The answer to this question depends on your normal routine, overall health, and body’s reaction to the surgery. Don’t expect to resume a strenuous gym routine or return to a manual labor job immediately after your operation.

Typically, open cholecystectomy takes 4-6 weeks to recover, while laparoscopic surgery takes about 1-2 weeks to recover.

Even though laparoscopic surgery provides patients with a shorter healing time, you will still need to take it easy for several days after the procedure. Avoid heavy lifting and physical activity for the first week or two following your surgical discharge.

It’s possible, in some cases, to return to work or school during the first few weeks of your recovery period—especially if you sit at a desk or have a sedentary job. Your doctor will advise you when you can return to other activities, such as exercising or engaging in physically demanding tasks.

Again, this depends on your physical state and how your body reacts to the procedure. The doctor may want you to rest until your post-op follow-up visit. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, it may take up to six weeks for you to fully recover from the surgery.

EATING AFTER SURGERY

If you have had your gallbladder removed, you may be wondering about foods you can and cannot eat. Here are some tips for returning to your normal diet after surgery.

Start by gradually adding small amounts of low-fat foods to your diet. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and lean protein sources such as chicken or fish.

Avoid high-fat foods, fried foods, and foods high in sugar. After surgery, your fat calories should be no more than 30% of your diet. Instead, slowly incorporate high-fiber foods as you heal.

It may take a while for your stomach to adjust to eating solid foods again. Be patient with yourself and take it slow. If you experience any discomfort or pain, talk to your doctor.

A long-term diet after gallbladder removal should include lower-fat foods and high-fiber foods. For example, continue to eat plenty of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.

GI ISSUES

General anesthesia and discomfort from a breathing tube may cause post-operative nausea. Some patients also experience vomiting. If the vomiting is severe, accompanied by other symptoms (such as abdominal pain or fever), or causes discomfort, contact your surgeon immediately. The doctor may need to evaluate you for post-op complications or may need to prescribe an anti-nausea medication.

Loose stool is another post-surgical symptom to expect. These loose bowel movements may last four to eight weeks and typically resolve without additional treatment.

WHAT ARE THE POTENTIAL RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS OF GALLBLADDER REMOVAL?

Gallbladder removal is generally considered a safe procedure with relatively low risks and complications. However, like any surgery, there are potential risks that should be considered before undergoing the procedure.

One of the most common risks associated with gallbladder removal is digestive issues.

When the gallbladder is removed, bile flows directly from the liver to the small intestine, which can cause digestive problems in some individuals. However, most people recover from these symptoms within a few weeks of the procedure.

Another potential risk of gallbladder removal is bile leakage. This can occur when bile leaks into the abdominal cavity, causing pain and swelling. In some cases, additional surgery may be required to repair the leakage.

Infection is also a possibility after gallbladder removal. Infection can occur at the site of the incision or in the abdomen. If you notice symptoms of infection, such as fever, chills, or redness and swelling around the incision site, it’s important to contact your doctor.

Early treatment can help prevent the infection from spreading and causing more serious complications.

In rare cases, the bile ducts or other organs may be damaged during surgery. This can lead to more serious complications, such as chronic digestive problems. However, the risk of this occurring is relatively low.

Before undergoing gallbladder removal surgery, it’s important to discuss the potential risks with your doctor and ask any questions you may have.

When to Call Your Doctor or 911


Seek immediate, emergency care and call 911 if you:

  • lose consciousness or pass out
  • have difficulty breathing or are short of breath

Call your doctor if you have:

  • your original symptoms from before surgery
  • a high fever
  • nausea and cannot drink fluids
  • worsening or severe pain, even with medications
  • discharge, redness, warmth, or increasing swelling from the wound
  • red streaks around the incision
  • bright red blood soaking through the bandage
  • loose stitches or your incision opens
  • jaundice, or yellowing skin or eyes
  • dark urine or whiteish stools, or cannot pass stools or gas
  • signs of a potential blood clot

These could be signs of an infection or a gallbladder surgery complication

How do I know if I need gallbladder removal surgery?

If you have large, painful gallstones, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove your gallbladder. 

Gallstones form when there is an imbalance in the substances that create bile in your liver, and they are typically made of the bile byproducts cholesterol or bilirubin. The bile byproducts form small, pebble-like deposits that build up in your gallbladder—hence, the name gallstones.

Most of the time, gallstones are too small for people to feel and notice them. However, if the gallstones become larger or block bile ducts, they can cause severe pain and other symptoms:

  • Sudden and intense abdominal pain near the gallbladder (upper right of the abdomen)
  • Pain between the shoulder blades or right shoulder
  • Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • High fever and chills

Gallstone Risk Factors

Like most medical conditions, some factors may increase your risk of painful gallstones. Some who have a higher risk of needing gallbladder surgery include: 

  • Females
  • Pregnant women
  • Overweight or obese people
  • Those with a high-fat, high-cholesterol, and low-fiber diet
  • Those with a family history of gallstones
  • Those with liver disease

SCHEDULE A CONSULTATION FOR GALLBLADDER REMOVAL IN TENNESSEE

Are you worried you may have gallstones or be at high risk? Are you considering surgical removal of your gallbladder? Contact The Surgical Clinic for more information on this common procedure. Visit our locations page to learn about a clinic near you that benefits from board-certified providers with years of experience.

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