Robotic surgery is the newest form of minimally invasive surgery. With more surgical robots being produced, their benefits are becoming more available to patients. One particular innovation is the da Vinci® Surgical System. The system allows doctors to perform delicate and complex surgical procedures with increased ease and precision.

daVinci Surgical System

The da Vinci® Surgical System is a robotic surgical system made by the American company Intuitive. The first da Vinci® system was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2000. The system involves a patient cart, a vision cart, and the surgical control console.

The patient cart holds the robotic arms and surgical instruments, and the vision cart holds the imaging technology. These connect to the surgeon console where the doctor performs surgery.

How Does The da Vinci System Work?

The da Vinci system translates your surgeon’s hand movements at the control console in real-time. The tiny wristed robotic arms move like a human hand, but with a greater range of motion. Moving with intuitive surgical precision, the robotic arms bend and rotate the instruments just like a surgeon would during the procedure. 

The da Vinci System allows surgeons to turn open or invasive surgeries into minimally invasive procedures without sacrificing precision. Essentially, robotic surgery is laparoscopic surgery to a higher level. Due to the dexterity of the robotic arms, the surgeon can work at an even finer level of detail than with their own hands.

The da Vinci vision system also delivers highly magnified, 3D high definition views of the surgical area through a video camera. The instrument size makes it possible for surgeons to operate through small incisions where they used to require large incisions.

Surgeons who use this new minimally invasive procedure find that it enhances precision, flexibility, and control during the operation. Robotic surgery can be used for many types of surgeries, including prostate, gynecology, heart, and lung disease cases.

The benefits of minimally invasive surgery include shorter inpatient care and faster recovery times. Other benefits include fewer complications, less pain, and less blood loss. Smaller incisions leave the patient with smaller scars as opposed to larger incisions from other procedures.

Is Robotic Surgery Right For You?

Doctors Willie Melvin and Joshua Taylor currently offer surgical treatments with the da Vinci Surgical System™. The robot amplifies the surgeon’s visual and hand-on abilities during procedures while limiting incisions. It essentially makes most surgeons ambidextrous and allows them to work through one or two small incisions. Patients can enjoy single-site gallbladder surgeries and leaves most patients with no scarring. Another advantage of robotic surgery relates to hernia repair. Not only can a surgeon patch the hernia, but can use the robotic operating system to suture and close the hernia.

Dr. Melvin is a board-certified general surgeon and a robotic surgeon. In addition to robotic surgical treatments, he offers traditional surgeries and laparoscopic surgery.

Dr. Taylor is a general surgeon at StoneCrest Medical Center in Smyrna, TN. He was the first surgeon in the state of Tennessee to perform the Robotic Transversus Abdominis Release (TAR) Procedure. 

TAR is a procedure for patients who have hernias of the abdominal wall. To learn more about Dr. Taylor’s use of the robot for surgery, click here or view the video below.


Robotic surgery may not be an option for everyone. Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if robotic surgery is right for them. Your doctor will discuss the benefits, risks, and side effects of robotic surgery with you. Also, your doctor will share how robotic surgery compares with other techniques.

Contact our advanced robotic general and vascular surgeons today at The Surgical Clinic.

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